Largest Active Delta In The World, Sundarban
The Sundarbans forest is regarding 10,000 sq kilometer across India and Bangladesh, of which 40% lies in India, and is home to several rare and globally vulnerable life species like the Estuarine Crocodile (Saltwater crocodile), Royal Bengal Tiger (the largest extant cat species), Water Monitor Lizard (Asian water monitor), Gangetic Dolphin (South Asian river dolphin), and Olive Ridley Turtle (Olive Ridley Sea Turtle). The forest in India is split into the Sundarbans Tiger Reserve and 24 Parganas (South) Forest Division, and in conjunction with the forest in Bangladesh is that the sole mangrove forest within the world wherever tigers are found.
Interesting Facts :
- The region turned into a Protected Forest in the year 1878
- It become declared as Reserve Forest in the year 1928
- One of the first Tiger Reserves declared underneath the Project Tiger Scheme in the year 1973
- A part of the Tiger Reserve was notified as the Sajnakhali Wildlife Sanctuary having an area of 362.33 sq km in the year 1976
- The core area of the Tiger Reserve was declared as the Sunderban National Park in the year 1984. The place of the National Park is 1330.10 sq km
- The National Park Areas inscribed as a Natural World Heritage Site in the year 1987
- The Tiger Reserve along with adjoining forest regions and human habitations had been declared as Sunderban Biosphere Reserve in 1989
- The Sunderban Biosphere Reserve changed into identified as a Global Biosphere Reserve in 2001
- 1699.62 sq km of the Tiger Reserve turned into a Critical Tiger Habitat in the year 2007
Sundarbans that lies in the coastal deltas of the region at the opening of the Bay of Bengal brings a complex geological and hydrological person alongside with some climatic hazards. The area of the mangrove forests, the Sundarban's boasts of a variety of flora, and diversified faunal levels to convey an unequaled environment of this Biosphere Reserve. The herbal surroundings and coastal atmosphere of this Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage Site is below the risk of physical disaster due to unscientific and immoderate human interference. This can be the developmental plan under the conservation and environmental management for safeguarding this particular coastal ecology and atmosphere.
The Sundarbans National Park area is home to more than 400 tigers. The Royal Bengal Tigers have developed a completely unique feature of swimming within the saline waters and are famous for their man-eating tendencies. Tigers may be seen on the river banks sunbathing between November and February.
Apart from the Royal Bengal Tiger; Fishing Cats, Leopard Cats, Macaques, Wild Boar, Indian Grey Mongoose, Fox, Jungle Cat, Flying Fox, Pangolin, Chital, are also discovered in abundance in the Sundarbans.
Places to Visit:
Sudhanyakhali Watch Tower is the tower from where the maximum number of the tigers can be spotted. In addition, tourists can also spot natural wildlife like Axis Deer, Wild Boar, and Crocodiles from this tower.
The region is greatly recognized for the bird sanctuary and is the most preferable place to revel in Jungle safari accommodative facilities. Tourists can discover a Mango Interpretation Center right here and other famous watchtowers in special zones like Sajnekhali, Sudhanyakhali, Netidhopan, Haldi, and a number of other places to locate the extremely good glimpses of the royal tigers.
Bhagbatpur Crocodile Project
A crocodile breeding farm inside the Bhagbatpur area, Tourists can easily visit this location is from Namkhanaand is a hatchery of the most famous estuarine crocodile within the world.
The gateway to Sundarbans, Piyali is being evolved as a tourist complex and is positioned 72 km from Kolkata, lying very closer to Sajnekhali. The Piyali River flows via the island to join the Malta River. At Piyali Island, tourists can enjoy nature’s walk, a boat ride, Bird spotting, and have fun with the village life.
Netidhopani, a popular visitor destination, houses ruins of a 400-year-old temple. A wide variety of vacationers travel to Sunderbans to visit this temple for worship.
Must Do Activities
- Apart from cruising around the tourism area of National Park, take a village walk. Visit a nearby school.
- Go on a cycle journey to the local village market. Know greater approximately the precise Mangrove Eco System.
- Join a fishing or crab catching day trip on a country boat around the village (you aren't allowed to do that inside the Reserve Forest).
- Take a birding walk around the village.
- Join a cooking class, and learn how a neighborhood dish is prepared with easy local ingredients.
- Experience cultural Programs like Tusu dance / Bonobibi Yatra ( a local rural theatre performed by the villagers.)
Be sure that you have booked your lodging or trip package deal through a responsible tourism company that shares the tourism benefit with local communities, and practices environment-friendly tourism.
You Can Buy
- Local Handicrafts
- Organic Brown Rice
Fresh Sea Fish. Crab. Prawn. Lobster. Dry Fish Curry. Cottage Cheese. Pan Cake. Rice Pudding (Bengali dessert). Local sweet curd.
Filtered or boiled water (do not insist on mineral water unless it is a part of your personal medication. Mineral water comes in plastic bottles. Sundarbans is a No-Plastic Zone.) Fresh coconut juice. Fresh watermelon juice. Mango juice.
How to Reach Sundarbans National Park
The nearest choice to attain Sundarbans by means of Flight is to fly to Netaji Subhas Chandra Airport in Kolkata. Sundarbans National Park is almost at a distance of just about 166km from the airport. The home airport has frequent and regular services of flights from throughout India. From the airport you can book a cab at once for the national park.
The nearest railway station to Sunderbans National Park is Canning. If you are touring by train to Sunderbans, get down at Canning Station situated at a distance of virtually 48km. Gosaba is the nearest town almost 50km away.
To get to Sunderbans one needs now not to worry about connectivity by road. Well-laid routes and highways are linked to the national park from Kolkata as well as many cities in West Bengal and other surrounding states. While you may use public transportations from Sonakhali (100km), Namkhana (105km), Canning (64km), Raidighi (76km), and Najat (92km), pre-booked vehicles give you hassle-free and cushty journey from anywhere.
Waterways are a remarkable manner of traveling to the Sunderbans National Park. As the national park is crisscrossed by means of waters, it is easy to navigate while riding a boat or be aboard a luxurious cruise. Some of the locations linked by using waterways are Sunderbans delta, Jambudeep, and Namkhana.